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By Christian Rätsch

The main accomplished consultant to the botany, pharmacology, cultural, ritual, and private use of erotically stimulating ingredients from antiquity to the current day

• info the use, guidance, and dosage of greater than four hundred plant, animal, mineral, and artificial ingredients, either universal and unique, in addition to their botany, technological know-how, and criminal prestige

• Explores the old and current use of aphrodisiacs and their function in sexual practices, tradition, and artwork

• Richly illustrated all through with greater than 800 colour photos

The fruits of greater than 30 years of cultural, anthropological, and clinical learn, this encyclopedia examines the botany, pharmacology, background, guidance, dosage, and functional use of greater than four hundred erotically stimulating ingredients from antiquity to the current day.

From vegetation and animals that increase fertility and virility, like celery, snails, or oysters, to ingredients that set off arousal, like ephedra, opium, or hashish, the encyclopedia is richly illustrated with greater than 800 colour photographs--many of that are from the authors’ vast fieldwork around the globe. Exploring person, medicinal, and formality use via historical and modern paintings, own bills, and literature in addition to ayurvedic, tantric, shamanic, and ecu folklore practices and up to date pharmacological examine, the authors examine the revolving cycle of popularity and condemnation of aphrodisiacs, the traits that incur the label of “aphrodisiac,” the function of brain and atmosphere, and different methods aphrodisiacs stimulate desire--either bodily, in the course of the senses and very important organs, or mentally, via heightened knowledge and adjusted awareness. This finished advisor unearths those “remedies of the affection goddess” as holy treatments whose right use may also help reestablish concord with oneself, one’s companion, and the universe.

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8 Preface EncAph. indd eight 10/11/12 4:27 PM Introduction there isn't any medical definition for aphrodisiac or love potion. neither is there a pharmacological or clinical definition for both. An aphrodisiac*—like an entheogen † —is outlined by means of tradition. The notice aphrodisiac, that is derived from Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of affection and wonder, actually skill “an agent of the affection goddess. ” Any substance that people deliberate to be an aphrodisiac and take for that function is an aphrodisiac. For it is just how it is dealt with and used, and how it really is cognitively understood, that makes a specific thing right into a culturally outlined entity. Asking how an aphrodisiac “works” isn't the correct query. it really is extra acceptable to invite why a substance is assessed as an aphrodisiac and utilized in that demeanour? The solutions to this are many, and are rooted in cultural views, cognitive constructions, and the participants’ interpretations in their reviews. This encyclopedia is written from the cultural anthropological and ethnoscientific views. incorporated in it are components that experience chanced on cultural use as aphrodisiacs and love potions. even supposing questions as to how they paintings from a systematic standpoint are secondary, the clinical info supplied during this ebook does enhance the general photo. A substance may be an efficient aphrodisiac since it promotes sexual efficiency or fertility, or since it produces an relaxing country. There are numerous the reason why a love magic, love potion, philtrum, or tonic could be potent: • it's pharmacologically efficacious. *Latin, singular: aphrodisiacum, plural: aphrodisiacae (aphrodisi-a-cum, aphrodisi-a-cae—emphasis at the penultimate syllable). †An entheogen is a (usually) psychoactive substance that's outlined via the ways that it's used inside a tradition: “Entheogen nov. verb. —sacramental plant or shamanic inebriant that conjures up non secular ecstasy or visions . . . actually: ‘realizing the divine within’” (Ott 1995, 88*). representation for Aphrodite by way of Pierre Louÿs (1954), began through Georges Barbier and accomplished after his demise via George Lepape (1887– 1971) in 1932. (In Claude Lepape and Thierry Defert, George Lepape—Illustrationen, Plakate, Modedesign. Frankfurt: Propyläen Verlag 1984, 166; © Éditions Herscher [Paris]) • It prompts a cognitive constitution (symboli• • cally and linguistically). It exerts mental results throughout the energy of advice. It stimulates the senses. “The vegetation of Venus are first-class for arousing hope and awakening love. ” Agrippa von N ettesheim Magische Werke (sixteenth century) What Are Aphrodisiacs? What spices do for foodstuff, aphrodisiacs do for intercourse and eroticism. The Greeks observed these vegetation that stimulate the sexual urge for food as Choras aphrodisia, or “the refrain of Aphrodite’s vegetation. ” The Romans referred to as them venerea, the “agents of Venus. ” Aphrodisiaca have been the brokers of Aphrodite. Venerea have been the opposite numbers of her Roman sister Venus. the good Goddess gave us people hundreds of crops and aphrodisiacs as presents to stimulate and improve love, lust, and fervour, to accentuate it to the extent of mystical event.

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